IEC TS 62073:2016 pdf free download

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IEC TS 62073:2016.Guidance on the measurement of hydrophobicity of insulator surfaces.
The wetting properties of a surface by water are commonly described by the terms hydrophobic(or hydrophobicity) and hydrophilic (or hydrophilicity). A hydrophobic surface is water-repellent, while a surface that is easily wetted by water is hydrophilic.
The wetting phenomenon of a surface is complex and many different parameters can influence its hydrophobic properties. Some important parameters include: type of insulator material, surface roughness, heterogeneities of the surface, chemical composition(e.g. due to ageing) and presence of pollution. For insulator materials in common use, the hydrophobic roperties can change over time, due to the influence of the ambient conditions. This change can be either reversible or irreversible. Thus. the result of the measurement of the hydrophobicity may be influenced by the ambient conditions and the HV corona or dry-band arcing to which the insulator has been previously exposed. This dynamic behaviour of the hydrophobicity is more or less specific to different insulator materials. These types of materials, which have an ability to retain and transfer hydrophobicity, are commonly called Hydrophobicity Transfer Materials (HTM).
The dynamic behaviour of the hydrophobicity exhibited by insulator materials is due to their chemical composition. Different processes such as oxidation, hydrolysis, migration of low molecular weight compounds, formation of complex compounds between e.g. siloxanes and water, rotation of flexible polymer chains, Inter- and intra-molecular rearrangements, microbiological growth, deposition of contaminants, adhesion and encapsulation of contaminant particles, may take place at different rates, depending on material and ambient conditions. Thus hydrophobicity along and around an insulator can vary, due to differences in the exposure to solar radiation, rain, corona discharges, deposited pollution, etc. Therefore, hydrophobicity of insulators is usually measured on several separate areas of the insulator.
Measurement of the hydrophobicity of a surface is readily performed in the laboratory on well defined, homogeneous, smooth and planar surfaces of prepared specimens. In the case of insulators, for which non-destructive measurements are usually required (and where cut-out of material samples is usually not desired), these conditions do not exist and measurement with high precision is a difficult task. This is especially true when the measurement has to be performed on an insulator installed in an overhead line, substation or even in a high voltage test set-up in the laboratory.
Previously wettability class (WC) was used as equivalent technology.
The methods described in this technical specification can be used for the measurement of the hydrophobicity of the shed and housing material of composite insulators for overhead lines, substations and equipment or ceramic insulators covered or not covered by a coating. The obtained value represents the hydrophobicity at the time of the measurement.
The object of this technical specification is to describe three methods that can be used to determine the hydrophobicity of insulators. The determination of the ability of water to wet the surface of insulators may be useful to evaluate the condition of the surface of insulators in service, or as part of the Insulator testing In the laboratory.IEC TS 62073:2016 pdf free download.

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