ASTM D4236-94(R2011) pdf free

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ASTM D4236-94(2011).Standard Practice for Labeling Art Materials for Chronic Health Hazards.
Uninfonied or careless use of some art material products can give rise to health hazards, either acute or chronic, or both. Specific and readily available warnings are needed to help protect users of any age. One way to disseminate such information is to provide appropriate precautionary labeling on art material products.
Labeling for acute health hazards, including those associated with art materials, is being addressed by such requirements as the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Act (CPSC)2, the Federal Hazardous Substances Act, and the like. There are presently no specific national standards for labeling art materials with respect to chronic health hazards.
This practice is intended to provide a standard for developing precautionary labels concerning chronic health hazards related to the use of art materials. It is further intended to have the adaptability necessary to keep labels current with existing scientific and medical knowledge, as well as in contormity with other precautionary labeling requirements, both acute and chronic. thereby avoiding unnecessary confusion by users with respect to other precautionary labeling.
ASTM D4236 describes a procedure for developing precautionary labels for art materials and provides hazard and precautionary statements based upon knowledge that exists in the scientific and medical communities. This practice concerns those chronic health hazards known to be associated with a product or product component(s), when the component(s) is present in a physical form, volume, or concentration that in the opinion of a toxicologist (see 2.1.11) has the potential to produce a chronic adverse health effect(s).
4. Determination of labeling
4.1 An art material is considered to have the potential for producing chronic adverse health effects if any customary or reasonably foreseeable use can result in a chronic hazard.
4.2 In making the determination a toxicologist(s) shall take into account the following:
4.2.1 Current chemical composition of the art material, supplied by an analytical laboratory or by an industrial chemist on behalf of a manufacturer or repackager.
4.2.2 Current generally accepted, well-established scientific knowledge of the chronic toxic potential of each component and the total formulation.
4.2.3 Specific physical and chemical form of the art material product, bloavailability, concentration, and the amount of each potentially chronic toxic component found in the formulation.
4.2.4 Reasonably foreseeable uses of the art material product as determined by consultation with users and other individuals who are experienced in use of the material(s), such as teachers, or by market studies, unless such use information has previously been determined with respect to the specific art material(s) under review.
4.2.5 Potential for known synergism and antagonism of the various components of the formulation.ASTM D4236-94(R2011) pdf free download.

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